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Famous Garden Design


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Famous Garden Design

Skip to content Go to menu My National Trust Show Search National Trust Home Our cause Days out Art & collections Join & get involved Holidays Shop More Our most famous gardens We look after the greatest collection of historic gardens and garden plants under single ownership in Europe, if not the world. They encompass more than 500 years of history and a vast range of garden styles and fashions. Here’s a selection of our most famous and significant gardens. Twitter Facebook Pinterest Google+ Email Discover years of history at Biddulph Grange Garden National Trust Images / Andrew Butler Biddulph Grange, Staffordshire This is an ambitious, global garden created by Victorian plant-hunters. On a visit you will go on a journey from an Italian terrace to an Egyptian pyramid, via a Himalayan glen and Chinese-inspired garden. Discover the garden of gardens at Biddulph Enjoy Blickling, a turreted red-brick Jacobean mansion, sitting within beautiful gardens and parkland. National Trust Images / Andrew Butler Blickling Estate, Norfolk One of the only remaining gardens where you can still see the influence of Norah Lindsay. Lindsay was a socialite garden designer in the 1920s and 30s who became a major influence on garden design. Discover 300 years of inspired planting at Blickling Autumn reflections of the boathouse at Bodnant Bodnant Garden Bodnant Garden, Conwy This Welsh garden is famed for its plants from around the world. There are 80 acres of gardens to see. Enjoy the grand Italianate terraces with rose gardens, lily pools, herbaceous beds and a dramatic dell. The famous 55m long laburnum arch is a shimmering tunnel of golden blooms in late spring. There’s varied planting all year round, including the new Winter Garden. Discover Bodnant’s botanical treasure trove Cragside is home to one of the largest rock gardens in Europe National Trust Images / Simon Fraser Cragside, Northumberland Lord and Lady Armstrong engineered the landscape and experimented with plants on a spectacular scale. Cragside is home to one of the largest rock gardens in Europe. A walk around the garden will take in rocky crags, towering North American conifers and formal gardens. Explore the Victorian wonders at Cragside The White Garden is one of many garden ‘rooms’ at Hidcote National Trust Images / Chris Lacey Hidcote, Gloucestershire Discover one of the most influential 20th-century British gardens. This is an Arts and Crafts masterpiece, nestled in a north Cotswolds hamlet. Designed as a series of outdoor rooms separated by walls and hedges, each garden is different in character and scale. See the landmark 20th-century garden at Hidcote Mottisfont, bathed in sunshine Sophie Wilkinson Mottisfont, Hampshire Probably the most famous rose garden in England, Mottisfont’s walled garden is full of beautiful, old-fashioned roses. Started by Graham Stuart Thomas, there are now over 500 varieties. Visit Mottisfont year round and enjoy extensive spring bulbs, varied autumn colour and winter planting. There are also interesting ancient trees and rolling lawns. Enjoy the rose collection and more at Mottisfont Enjoy the formal gardens at Mount Stewart National Trust Images / Andrew Butler Mount Stewart, County Down Mount Stewart is one of our most remarkable and idiosyncratic gardens. Its rare and exotic plants flourishing in a sub-tropical climate. The diverse garden features colourful borders and statuary in the Italian Garden. The Sunk Garden features a stone pergola and look out for the topiary Irish harp in the Shamrock Garden. Explore the gardens at Mount Stewart Admire the topiary yew hedges at Nymans National Trust Images / Clive Nichols Nymans, West Sussex Enjoy romantic ruins, intimate gardens and internationally recognised plant collections at this Sussex garden. Set against a backdrop of woodland, you’ll find a mix of formal and informal planting. See the exotic garden at Nymans An autumnal view of the tower at Sissinghurst National Trust images/David Sellman Sissinghurst Castle, Kent This world-renowned garden was created by Vita Sackville-West and Harold Nicolson. The garden is famed for its vibrant planting schemes and architectural planning. It is set within the ruins of a great Elizabethan house and surrounded by a rich landscape of woods, streams and farmland. Enjoy this world-renowned planting at Sissinghurst Late autumn colours reflected in water at Studley Royal Water Gardens National Trust Images / Andrew Butler Studley Royal Water Garden at Fountains Abbey, Yorkshire This 18th-century water garden justly deserves its status as a World Heritage Site. Studley is the least-altered Georgian landscape garden in England. There’s a great variety of planting to see as you walk around its elegant ornamental lakes, avenues, temples, cascades and canals. See the World Heritage gardens at Fountains Abbey In autumn Stourhead garden is truly spectacular Allan King Stourhead, Wiltshire Perhaps the most beautiful and magical of all the great landscape gardens. This offers an English 18th-century view of Arcadian paradise. With hills, water and classical architecture overlaid by a fabulous collection of trees and shrubs, it was described as ‘a living work of art’ when first opened in the 1740s. Meandering paths offer vistas through trees to classical temples and surprises at every turn. Wander through Stourhead’s Arcadian paradise A section of the walled kitchen garden National Trust / Marina Rule Trengwainton Garden, Cornwall The warm and luxuriant gardens at Trengwainton are crammed with tender exotic species. There are also award-winning magnolias and rhododendrons. Subtropical species collected from around the world thrive in the shelter of the walled gardens, including a kitchen garden built to the dimensions of Noah’s Ark. See the findings of of 1920s plant hunters at Trengwainton Gardens near you Discover more of our gardens when you find a place to visit Plan your day out National Trust Back to top Search the site Search National Trust Home Our cause Days out Art & collections Join & get involved Holidays Holiday cottages Hotels and B & Bs Camping Working holidays Tours & overseas Shop Holiday cottages Hotels and B & Bs Camping Working holidays Tours & overseas My National Trust Back to top Close
famous garden design 1

Famous Garden Design

Promenade or stroll gardens (landscape gardens in the go-round style) appeared in Japan during the Edo period, (1600–1854), at the villas of nobles or warlords. These gardens were designed to complement the houses in the new sukiya-zukuri style of architecture, which were modeled after the tea house. These gardens were meant to be seen by following a path clockwise around the lake from one carefully composed scene to another. These gardens used two techniques to provide interest; borrowing of scenery (“shakkei”), which took advantage of views of scenery outside the garden, such as mountains or temples, incorporating them into the view so the garden looked larger than it really was; and miegakure, or “hide-and-reveal,” which used winding paths, fences, bamboo and buildings to hide the scenery so the visitor would not see it until he was at the best view point. Edo Period gardens also often feature recreations of famous scenery or scenes inspired by literature; Suizen-ji Jōju-en Garden in Kumamoto has a miniature version of Mount Fuji, and Katsura Villa in Kyoto has a miniature version of the Ama-no-hashidate sandbar in Miyazu Bay, near Kyoto. The Rikugi-en Garden in Tokyo creates small landscapes inspired by eighty-eight famous Japanese poems.
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Famous Garden Design

Most of the gardens of the Edo Period were either promenade gardens or dry rock zen gardens, and they were usually much larger than earlier gardens. The promenade gardens of the period made extensive use of borrowing of scenery (“shakkei”). Vistas of distant mountains are integrated in the design of the garden; or, even better, building the garden on the side of a mountain and using the different elevations to attain views over landscapes outside the garden. Edo promenade gardens were often composed of a series of meisho, or “famous views”, similar to postcards. These could be imitations of famous natural landscapes, like Mount Fuji, or scenes from Taoist or Buddhist legends, or landscapes illustrating verses of poetry. Unlike zen gardens, they were designed to portray nature as it appeared, not the internal rules of nature.
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Famous Garden Design

The Imperial gardens of the Heian Period were water gardens, where visitors promenaded in elegant lacquered boats, listening to music, viewing the distant mountains, singing, reading poetry, painting, and admiring the scenery of the garden. The social life in the gardens was memorably described in the classic Japanese novel, the Tales of Genji, written in about 1005 by Murasaki Shikibu, a lady-in-waiting to the Empress. The traces of one such artificial lake, Osawa no ike, near the Daikaku-ji Temple in Kyoto, still can be seen. It was built by the Emperor Saga, who ruled from 809 to 823, and was said to be inspired by Dongting Lake in China. A scaled-down replica of the Kyoto Imperial Palace of 794 AD, the Heian-jingū, was built in Kyoto in 1895 to celebrate the 1100th birthday of the city. The south garden is famous for its cherry blossoms in spring, and for azaleas in the early summer. The west garden is known for the irises in June, and the large east garden lake recalls the leisurely boating parties of the 8th century. Near the end of the Heian period a new garden architecture style appeared, created by the followers of Pure Land Buddhism. These were called “Paradise Gardens,” built to represent the legendary Paradise of the West, where the Amida Buddha ruled. These were built by noblemen who wanted to assert their power and independence from the Imperial household, which was growing weaker.

Famous Garden Design

Famous Garden Design
Famous Garden Design
Famous Garden Design

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